The US Military’s Introduction on Outdoor Winter Survival-Part I

This is the first of a two part series of articles concerning surviving in extreme outdoor cold conditions.  This article will cover that basics of food and water gathering.  Part II will be an overview of just how harmful extreme cold can be. Food and The Cold Firstly, most of what you drink and eat, in the arctic is used for maintaining body heat.  And only a small portion is used in producing energy for manual labor. So, around 4,000 calories per day is vital for performing physically demanding manual labor in sub freezing temperatures. In cold weather, the body will rapidly lose fluid even if you extensively readjust and ventilate your clothing. Therefore, whenever in the cold your body fluids, preferably through hot drinks, need to be routinely replaced. And if the drinks contain sugar, they will supply extra calories. RATIONS      The difficulties and hassle of food preparation in the wintertime may tempt you to skip meals. Nevertheless, it is essential that you don’t skip meals, and that you consume a maximum amount of calories. LIQUIDS      You can get water either from lakes or streams. Otherwise, you will have to either make a fire or use fuel via stove to melt snow or ice. And, if at all possible, make sure that most of your everyday consumptions of fluids are warm drinks. Soups and...

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