You have to learn to crawl before you learn to walk. That’s why when using boxing for self defense training you must learn the basics.
The first boxing self defense technique that you should learn is a boxers stance. A proper boxing stance is so very important because skill and technique are far more important in boxing than brute strength. In fact, great footwork will enable you to better opponents who may significantly outweigh you.
The Boxers Stance Explained
You must first place your left foot ahead of your right foot (ten to twenty inches. The exact distance depends upon your height. Your weight should be divided equally between both your feet as it helps maintain balance. Place your left foot directly on the ground and pointed straight in proximity, in front facing left.
Your right foot needs to be placed right behind your left heel, and it should point outward at a 60 to 70-degree angle. Your right heel should be raised approximately an inch from the floor which will allow you to move more swiftly. Properly spacing your feet apart is also essential. If your feet are too close your power is limited and if your feet are too far apart to one another the inside muscles of your legs will be tight, and your mobility will be limited. The picture to the right is a vintage picture of the correct boxing stance
Now, we will go into the correct way to throw a jab, cross, hook and uppercut punches.
A jab is one of the hardest punches to evade. You’ll most likely not get a knockout with a jab. However, a well-placed jab will likely disorient your opponent. This punch is especially helpful when your enemies’ head has been forced backward through the force of your punches. A Jab should be used in combinations. For example, you would do a left jab to the face and then follow it up with a punch to the body or jaw. A jab is a great punch to be used against a larger and stronger opponent. Jabs can help you force your target into a position for landing a knockout punch.
This following video will tell you how to correctly throw a jab:
Left and Right Cross
A cross or the straight punch is the second most popular punch with the jab being the most popular. It is a great punch to work when you are either outside your withing mid-range. This punch is the fastest means to hit your opponent with a knockout punch when you are on the outside, and it is not hard to either master or set up. This punch leaves you in a great position for combo punches.
The left hook can be complicated. But, this punch is devastating. The left hook is multi-dimensional as it is used for not only damaging your opponent; but, it is also used for opening your opponent up for a knockout punch or distracting your opponent. (infighting) As the hook can be thrown at very short distances of three to six inches they are primarily used in close fighting. The below video is a great guide on throwing a hook punch. This boxing video is done by one of the most respected trainers in the history of boxing-Freddie Roach.
The uppercut is a neglected punch. However, the uppercut is known as being one of the most lethal strikes in boxing. The uppercut was one of Mike Tyson’s most feared knockout punches. The uppercut is especially good when it is used in combinations. For example, a great combo punch would be a left jab and then a right uppercut. The upper cut combined with the left hook is another very deadly combination.
You need to throw an uppercut when you are stationary and in a boxers stance. The uppercut is effective in hitting the head and body of your opponent. The uppercut should be used when you are fighting close with your opponent. (Infighting) If you throw an uppercut when you are away from your opponent, your opponent will be able to counter your punches easily.
Below are the steps for throwing a good uppercut: