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Part I of this series detailed the food requirements needed in arctic environments.  One part that was noteworthy is the fact that you need more calories in extreme cold weather.  Now we will explore the overall damaging results of extreme cold.


 The issue of survival ends up being paramount when conditions become extreme and the temperature level drops. Under these conditions, you could have the tendency to withdraw emotionally, and not want to leave the warmth and protection of their shelter or tent. However, this will not work if you need to get work done. So, the treatment is physical activity.  And you must also attempt to continue to be alert and active.


When using several layers of clothing and covering your head you’ll, tend to withdraw within yourself and maintain a cocoon-like presence. When this happens, your hearing and eyesight is restricted, which can results in an accidents happening


When temperature levels are near freezing and high and low temperature levels alternate between freezing and thawing cold-wet conditions occur. These conditions can be accompanied by damp snow and rain, triggering the ground to become slushy and muddy. You’ll require clothing is waterproof or water-repellent with an external layer that is resistant to wind. And the coats inner layer should be insulated.   Also, proper waterproof shoes are essential.


 Cold-dry conditions take place when average temperature levels are lower than 14oF.  Most likely, the ground will be frozen, and snow will be dry.


 Wind chill is a combination of both wind and temperature. Temperature level alone does not offer a true indication of how cold weather will affect you. So, In order to efficiently gauge the difference between temperature and the effect of the cold a wind-chill scale must be used.  Below is a wind chill chart that also can help you realize when you are in danger of frostbite.